What is EVM? You must have heard about the EVM machine, and if you are 18 years old, then you would have used it to cast your vote. But do you know what the EVM machine is and how does it work? If you do not know then in this article, you will get full information about the Electronic Voting Machine. We are just talking about electronic voting machines here.

Several Political Parties have raised questions about the safety of EVM Machine. Because of that, there is no news about EVMs in the daily newspaper. Everyone wants to know about the EVM machine. In this article, we will explain the voting machine and related things in detail.

So that all of you can also know about EVM. Election Commission has used new and advanced EVMs in the 2019 Election. We will talk about all the topics of EVM.

So let us know what the electronic voting machine is and how does it work?


What is EVM? 

evm in india

EVM's Full Form is the Electronic Voting Machine. It is a machine used for voting, especially in India. In India, this machine is being used to pave the way for electronic voting in general elections, state assembly elections and Lok Sabha elections in 1999.

The first election used to be from the ballot paper, but now the EVM machine has replaced the ballot paper all over India.

Generally, EVM consists of 2 Units, one Control Unit and the other is the Balloting Unit.
Both of these units are connected with a five-meter cable. Control unit controls ballot units and ballot units provide voting facility to voters.

The control unit uses the voting officer while the balloting unit uses the voter. The voter cannot vote until the voting officer presses the button of the control unit.

After voting from the ballot unit, the machines themselves become people. After that, it does not work to destroy any button. It will work again only after pressing the control unit button of the voting officer.


How does the EVM machine work?

The electronic voting machine provides a separate button for each candidate. Voters can vote by clicking on their favorite candidate and party button.

EVM works as follows.

  • First of all, the voter suppresses his candidate's button.
  • Beep voice comes after pressing the voter's button, which means that the vote has gone.
  • After this, Wednesday name and party election symbol print on the VVPAT screen.
  • This slip appears on VVPAT screen for the voter for 7 seconds, after which there is a security deposit in the machine.


In the past, only two units of EVM used Control Unit and Balloting Unit, but since the question of EVM Security was being questioned, the Election Commission has been using VVPAT.

VVPAT means Voter-verified paper unit trail which shows which candidate your vote has been to. It shows the slip-on screen for 7 seconds, which makes the voter clear who have voted him.

After voter's vote, on VVPAT machine, the candidate's name and his party's election symbol print on the slip. This slip appears on the VVPAT screen for 7 seconds of the voter. After that, there is a safe deposit in the machine.

How to use an electronic voting machine?

How to vote from EVM? Voting with EVM is effortless. On the left side of the machine, the names of all the candidates and their party's election symbol are printed.

Each candidate has a red light and a blue button in the Balloting Unit. Follow the steps below to vote.
First of all, see the name of your favorite candidate in the EVM machine.

  • Then press the blue button next to its name.
  • The red light will burn as soon as you press your buttons and the sound like a long Peeeee will come out.
  • This means your vote has gone to your favorite candidate.
  • The machine becomes folk when you vote. Now again if an EVM presses the machine button again, the device will not record it.

How many units are there in the EVM machine?

EVM structure and technique: As I have already mentioned, the EVM machine has two units. A control unit and the second balloting unit.

The control unit is for voting officer and balloting unit to vote for the voter. But now the Election Commission of India is also using the VVPAT machine.

Whose job is to show the voter whether he has voted for the candidate he has voted or not. This makes the voter clear whether his vote has been correct or not.

You can press the ballot unit button once. After that, the machine will not work until the voter officer control unit's button will be pushed.

This means that a voter can only put one vote. There have not been any one of the questions that have been raised about the security of EVM to date.

Benefits of Electronic Voting Machine (EVM)

The EVM machine has rather many advantages, which are as follows.

  • The initial cost of the EVM is a bit higher, but if you think long term, then money is saved.
  • The cost of crores rupees in production and printing of ballot paper can be reduced.
  • For every national election, nearly 10,000 tonnes of ballot papers are saved.
  • Using it, many trees can be stopped from bites, which were used to make ballot paper.
  • EVMs are more comfortable to transport than ballot boxes because they are more lightweight and portable.
  • The EVM is used in the battery so it can be used anywhere.
  • EVM Votes Counting is very easy and fast.
  • EVM is far better than ballet paper for illiterate people.
  • There is less chance of hack help manipulation and theft.
  • Bogus voting is very low because the vote can be put only once.


I hope you liked this post with our "Electronic Voting Machine." You have got complete information on electronic voting machines (EVMs).